• B group vitamins are essential for the conversion of chemical energy that occurs within the muscle fibres. Under grazing conditions, the daily requirement of B Vitamins is produced by the micro-organisms in the large intestine. High grain intake lowers the intestinal PH with a resultant drop in vitamin B production.

    A diet low in B vitamins has shown to have a negative effect on athletic performance. Human studies have shown that when athletes were restricted to less than half of their daily requirement for vitamins B1, B2 & B6, a significant drop in performance occurred. Similar studies in Equine athletes have shown that supplementing with vitamin B1 prior to competition improved performance by reducing the accumulation of Lactic Acid in the muscles. Horses in training benefit from B vitamin supplementation for several reasons:

    1. The production of ATP increases with exercise, therefore so does the requirement for B vitamins.

    2. Digestion of high grain diets leads to a fall in the pH of the large intestine, which in turn alters the micro flora population. The result is a net decrease in B vitamin production.

    3. Studies have shown that supplementing Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) in the diet has the effect of reducing post exercise lactic acid levels.

    4. Betaine has been scientifically proven to reduce fatigue and improve recovery

    B Boost paste contains high levels of all the essential B group vitamins in one single oral dose syringe. It also contains Betaine, which is the precursor of DMG (Dimethylglycine) an amino acid metabolite, in other words Betaine, is metabolised to DMG in the liver. It is a naturally occurring nutrient in plants and animal tissues. As a supplement for horses it is proven to reduce lactic acid build up and assist oxygen utilisation. The result of supplementing Anhydrous Betaine (in B Boost) to horses prior to exertion and after exertion is reduced fatigue and it enables a faster recovery. In human sports it is utilised as an ergogenic aid, meaning something that enhances athletic performance, particularly in endurance and resistance exercise. This effect occurs through favourable lactate and preferential fatty acid substrate metabolism.

    It is also an organic osmoprotectant that helps stabilise water content in cells helping to reduce osmotic stress which can occur in conditions of heat and or water loss. In other words, Betaine is an osmolyte that holds water in the cells of the body and so they remain hydrated, helping to reduce heat stress. Additionally, betaine may be involved in defending intracellular volume and protecting enzymes of the citric acid cycle, which are challenged in progressive dehydration and hyperthermia associated with exercise.

    Research has also found that Betaine is hepatoprotective meaning it acts as protection to the liver.

    B Boost contains no prohibited substances so is safe to use prior to competition, and should be administered 12 to 24 hours prior to a long journey, an event or race and after the journey, event or race to assist recovery, also every few days for horses with poor appetite or under stressful conditions. It is ideal for any recovery situations.

    Full 30ml syringe when required
    Per 30ml dose: Betaine 1500mg Vitamin B1 180mg Vitamin B2 180mg Vitamin B3 500mg Vitamin B6 150mg Vitamin B12 1500µg Folic Acid 150mg Inositol 750mg

    Dimethylglycine supplementation in horses performing incremental treadmill exercise.

    K. de Oliveira1*, D.F. Fachiolli1, M.J. Watanabe2, D. Tsuzukibashi3, C.M.M. Bittar4, C. Costa3, M.L. Poiatti1 and P.R. de L. Meirelles3 Piracicaba, SP 13418-900, Brazil; katia@dracena.unesp.br

    1College of Animal Science, Experimental Campus of Dracena, Universidade Estadual Paulista ‘Julio de Mesquita Filho’ (UNESP), Rod Cmte. João Ribeiro de Barros, 651 km, Neighborhood: Bairro das Antas, Dracena, SP 17900-000, Brazil; 2Department of Veterinary Surgery and Anesthesiology (DVSA), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Universidade Estadual Paulista ‘Julio de Mesquita Filho’, District Rubião Junior s/n, Botucatu, SP 18618-970, Brazil; 3Department of Animal Breeding and Nutrition (DABN), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Universidade Estadual Paulista ‘Julio de Mesquita Filho’ District Rubião Junior s/n, Botucatu, SP 18618-970, Brazil; 4Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture ‘Luiz de Queiroz’, Universidade de São Paulo, Avenue Padua Dias 11,

    Received: 2 April 2015 / Accepted: 14 July 2015

    Effects of betaine on performance and body composition: a review of recent findings and potential mechanisms.

    Jason M. Cholewa, Lucas Guimarães-Ferreira, Nelo Eidy Zanchi

    This review aims to describe evidence for the use of betaine as an ergogenic and esthetic aid, and discuss the potential mechanisms underlying these effects.

    Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of betaine (betaine anhydrous and betaine hydrochloride) as a feed additive for all animal species based on a dossier submitted by VITAC EEIG1.

    EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP)2,3 May 2013

    European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy VET: Betaine is used in veterinary medicine as hepatoprotectant in cattle, pigs, goats, sheep and horses. It is applied in the form of oral or injectable (intramuscular or intravenous injections) preparations. Betaine is only prescribed for individual treatments.

    European Medicines Agency (EMEA), The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products, Veterinary Medicines Evaluation Unit, Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products; Betaine, Summary Report. EMEA/MRL/261/97-Final (September 1997). Available from, as of November 6, 2006: http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/document_library/landing/document_library_search.jsp&murl=menus/document_library/document_library.jsp&mid

    Ergogenic effects of Betaine supplementation on strength and power performance.

    Elaine C lee, Carl M Maresh, William J Kraemer et Al Department of Kinesiology University of Connecticut USA.

  • Vetpro Blud-Boost is a hematinic supplement that provides bio-available iron with essential B Vitamins including folate, plus Copper, and amino acids Methionine, Glycine and Lysine. A hematinic is a nutrient required for the formation of blood cells in the process of haematopoiesis. The main hematinics are iron, B12, and folate all provided in Blud-Boost. They improve the condition and quality of the blood, and increase the number of erythrocytes and/or the haemoglobin concentration. Thus assisting the oxygen carrying capacity of the cells of blood. The iron in Vetpro Blud-Boost is provided as Iron Glycinate which is a Bio-available iron that is readily and safely absorbed by the digestive process of the horse. When in hard work, the horse needs the maximum oxygen carrying capacity of blood, a hematinic supplement can assist with this work demand to maximise the performance, it does not enhance the result, only ensures no reduction from a possible low haemoglobin state. Again under hard work conditions the horses natural ability to produce B Vitamins in the gut is reduced, so Vetpro Blud-Boost provides a full range of B vitamins to assist the horse up to normal levels. This reduction in internal production also occurs at times of stress, or when subjected to illness, infections, trauma or long distance travel, so using Vetpro Blud-Boost will improve the horses recovery at these times. The B Vitamins are: B12 Cobalamin, B2 Riboflavin, B6 Pyridoxine, B9 Folacin, B3 Niacin, B5 Pantothenic Acid, B7 Biotin Choline
    Ideally a dose of 20gm per day is recommended for 10 days when a blood test shows a lowered haemoglobin level, or for recovery from the situations mentioned above. It can also be given as a pre competition or race boost, or a post event recovery at 20gms per day for 3 days.
    Vetpro Blud-Boost is provided in a re-sealable foil pouch with a 20 gm scoop and can be purchased in a 300gm or 1 Kg size.
  • Bone Builder is a feed supplement formulated to help increase bone density in young horses. It contains Silicon, Magnesium, Boron and Lysine and is designed to be fed in conjunction with Vetpro High Performance Mineral Supplement which provides Calcium, Phosphorus, Copper and Zinc. For a long time it was considered that to have achieve stronger bone all that was necessary was to feed more Calcium. Research has conclusively proven that increasing dietary calcium above recommended dietary levels has no effect on bone density. What research has shown is the important role that Silicon, Magnesium and Boron play in bone mineralisation. The rate of skeletal growth in young horses occurs faster than weight gain. By 12 months of age a horse can attain 94% of its mature height and 65% of its mature weight. Total bone mineral content (BMC) lags behind skeletal growth. At 12 months of age bone mineralisation is 76% complete. Maximum BMC is not reached until a horse is 6 years old. The period when young bones need to be strong is often the time when they are subjected to the most stress. A horse traveling at race speeds is subjected to forces three times its own bodyweight. Maximising bone density is important in improving bone strength and thereby preventing bone injuries. By paying careful attention to mineral supplementation, bone density and skeletal durability can be improved. Bone mineralisation begins during the last three months of pregnancy. At this stage fetal bones are cartilage models of the adult bones. The skeleton of the newborn foal contains only 17% of the adult bone mineral content. The first 12 months are an important nutritional period as bone mineralisation proceeds at an accelerated rate. The importance of Calcium and Phosphorus in bone development is well known. Less is known about the importance of Magnesium, Boron and Silicon. Magnesium is essential for the formation of the collagen matrix and bone mineralization. Around 60% of the Mg in the body is found in bone tissue. Human studies have shown a positive correlation between bone mineral density and dietary magnesium. Low magnesium is associated with reduced activity by osteoblasts and osteoclasts - the cells involved in bone remodeling. Boron is a trace element that up until recently has received very little attention. Human research indicates that boron aids the uptake of Calcium and Magnesium into bone as well as increasing vitamin D3 levels, important for bone mineral metabolism. Silicon is an essential nutrient for normal body function and one of the most common, but most of the silicon found in nature is in a sand form and is unable to be absorbed by the body. Plants can take Silicon up from the soil so consequently the forage and grains that horses consume contain small amounts. Silicon is also involved in the formation of the collagen matrix. Experiments showed Silicon deficient diets resulted in lower bone collagen levels, resulting in abnormal bone growth. The same series of experiments also showed that Silicon supplementation increased the rate of bone mineralisation as well as increasing the Glycosaminoglycan levels in cartilage, important in the prevention and treatment of degenerative joint disease. Studies carried out at the University of Texas underlined the importance of Silicon in maximizing bone density in young racehorses. In these studies horses on Silicon supplemented diets were able to train and race for longer and sustained less bone injuries than non-supplemented horses. This was attributed to a reduction in bone absorption and an overall improvement in bone density. It was noted that Silicon supplementation had no effect on growth rate, therefore was not connected with any risk of growth related diseases like OCD. Bone Builder contains a highly absorbable form of Silicon, along with Magnesium, Boron and the essential growth promoting Amino Acid Lysine. Each 30g dose delivers 9.48g Lysine, 5.25g Magnesium, 30.5mg Silicon and 25ppm Boron. Bone Builder should be fed to weanlings, yearlings and 2 year olds in training. Older horses (36 months upwards) do not benefit from supplementation as the collagen matrix has developed fully. It should be fed to broodmares during the last three months of pregnancy. When fed during lactation the levels in the milk increase, resulting in Silicon being available to the foal. Registered ACVM Act 1977, No A9377
    Recommended Daily Dose Rates: Foals & Weanlings: 15gms Yearlings & 2 year olds: 30gms Pregnant (last trimester) & Lactating Broodmares: 30gms
    1kg 10kg
  • Equine Athlete Chromium – Plus contains organic chromium, amino acids important to muscle performance and repair and Vitamin B6. Human athletes have known about the role of Chromium as an essential nutrient for years. However, it is only since 1992 that equine researchers have clearly defined Chromium’s role in improving performance. Kentucky researchers have shown that horses fed 5mg of organic Chromium per day had significantly lower blood lactate and blood cortisol levels after intense exercise. Lactic Acid is a by-product of energy metabolism. During intense exercise, it is accumulated in muscles and causes fatigue. Chromium has been shown to slow the build-up of lactic acid in the blood during strenuous exercise and delay the onset of fatigue. Thus increasing the amount of time an individual horse could sustain a maximal effort during intense exercise, racing or competition. Cortisol is commonly termed the “stress hormone”. Levels increase during stressful periods. Increased cortisol levels lead to a reduction in insulin levels. This results in reduced energy utilization and protein synthesis, important factors in the athletic horse. Chromium enhances the effect of insulin and improves the uptake of glucose and amino acids into the muscle cells. Tests have also shown that supplementation with organic Chromium has been shown to increase stress resistance and improve immunity, helping with improving resistance to bacterial and viral diseases. Organic Chromium is a useful nutritional supplement to assist horses that may be susceptible to muscle Tye-up. Further studies have shown that blood insulin was lower in horses on 5 mg per day, thus reducing the likelihood of a horse developing insulin resistance when on grain or high starch feeds. This effect may also be beneficial for overweight or obese horses as they are predisposed to develop insulin resistance. Human studies have shown how daily supplementation with Chromium increases muscle gain and reduces body fat when combined with a physical training programme. Equine Athlete CR3 Chromium- Plus also contains the essential branched chain amino acids Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine which are utilised directly by skeletal muscles to repair the muscle cells that are damaged during intense exercise. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is involved in the metabolism of these amino acids.
    Active Ingredients per Kg: Trivalent Chromium 0.033% L-Leucine 0.4% L-Valine 0.4% L-Isoleucine 0.2% Pyridoxiline (B6) 0.1%
    Daily Dose Rate: 15g Performance & Racehorses
  • Digest-Rite Performance is a nutritional supplement especially formulated for performance horses. It contains a combination of prebiotics, digestive enzymes and toxin binders to enhance digestion of grain based diets and at the same time helps maintain a healthy digestive tract. It also binds harmful mycotoxins that often contaminate grains or hay and endophyte ryegrass (known to create the condition called Ryegrass Staggers). To meet the demands of training, competition and racing, performance horses need access to a concentrated energy source. Grains such as oats, barley and maize are ideally suited because of their high starch content. Because these grains are not part of their natural diet, horses are limited in the amount of starch they are able to digest at one time. If too much grain is fed at once, or if the passage of ingested grain through the small intestine is too rapid, undigested starch will pass into the large intestine where it will undergo bacterial fermentation. Hindgut fermentation of starch, especially in the absence of adequate fibre (grass and hay) intake, can lead to a condition known as hindgut acidosis. The acids produced by the fermentation process can affect performance, causing problems like stressful behaviour, over-excitability and muscle tye-up.Feeding a product that will enhance carbohydrate digestion has obvious advantages for the performance horse. Add to this the advantages of a product that has the ability to bind harmful mycotoxins, such as those from mould and endophyte fungus, it is easy to see why Digest-Rite should be part of every performance horse’s diet. Digest-Rite Performance is more than just a simple digestive additive - like those containing live yeast cultures. Digest-Rite Performance contains pre-biotics (mannan oligosaccharides), digestive enzymes (á amylase and â glucanase), rice bran oil and silicated oxides. It has a four way action: 1. By slowing the passage of food through the small intestine, allowing more time for the horse’s own digestive enzymes to work. 2. By enhancing digestion through the inclusion of enzymes that can break down sugar and starch. 3. The inclusion of the pre-biotics helps maintain a functional gut wall and ensures that nutrients are absorbed efficiently following digestion. 4. The silicated oxides bind harmful toxins and once bound they cannot be absorbed and are passed out in the horse’s faeces, also helping to prevent the absorption of the harmful by- products of hindgut fermentation. Digest-Rite should be fed to horses on high grain diets or when pasture conditions increase the likelihood of nutritional problems occurring. It should also be added if there is any likelihood that the hay being fed has developed any mould during storage. It contains no prohibited substances. Digest-Rite SPORT formulation is available for horses on mainly pasture diets. Click here to read about Carbohydrate Digestion and sugar in grasses
    Daily Dose Rate: Add 25gm per 1kg of grain/grain mix
    Available in 2kg, 5kg and 20kg bags
  • Equine Athlete Digest-Rite Sport Formula is a nutritional supplement formulated for both sport and pleasure horses whose diets are based on pasture and some hard feed. Digest-Rite provides a combination of scientifically proven pre-biotics, digestive enzymes, toxin binders and rice bran, all enhance digestion and at the same time help maintain a healthy digestive tract. It also helps prevent the absorption of harmful toxins and acids resulting from the digestion of some grasses and grains. Horses are browsing animals with very selective grazing habits. Their digestive systems are well adapted to handling grass and forage based diets. The quality and quantity of pastures that horses have access to in New Zealand are generally quite different from those of a natural habitat. Fresh or actively growing pasture is most often a problem. Horses often lack enzymes necessary to break down the soluble sugars (fructans) found in young grasses, they pass undigested into the large intestine (hindgut) where they undergo bacterial fermentation. Excess lactic acid is generated causing Hindgut Acidosis. This acid kills good bacteria, which as they die , give off a toxin that enters the bloodstream and causes Laminitis. Preventing that occurring by proving enzymes that assist the sugars to be digested more effectively before reaching the hindgut, assist the horse to avoid the possibility of those diet based issues. Most sport and pleasure horses are kept in situations where the amount of available grass is not sufficient to meet dietary requirements. A mix of concentrates is usually fed to provide the necessary extra energy. Oats and barley are ideally suited because of their high starch content; most pre-mixed feeds contain one if not all of these grains, some even contain maize the most energy intensive grain. As they are not part of a natural diet, horses are limited in the amount of grain they are able to digest at one time. Like grass, if too much is fed at once, or if the passage through the small intestine is too rapid, an undigested amount passes through to the hindgut where it creates the same issues as poorly digested grass sugars. These issues can also manifest in the horse’s behavior affecting both temperament and performance; over-excitability, seemly difficult to handle , also muscle type-up can be aresult. Feeding a product like Digest-Rite that will enhance digestion of grasses and grains has obvious advantages for sport and pleasure horses, especially those prone to these problems. Ryegrass Staggers is another common grass related problem. It occurs when horses graze pastures containing certain types of perennial ryegrass. As the name suggests, affected horses develop a staggery gait, most noticeable at the walk. The symptoms are caused by the toxin Lolitrem b, released by a fungus called an endophyte, that is found in the grass stem and mature leaves during the late summer/early autumn. Horses become affected when they ingest these parts of the plant . Other grasses such as Paspalum and Kikuyu can also create toxin type problems. Being able to feed a product that contains a toxin binding agent has obvious advantages for horses grazing problem pastures. The silicate oxides in Digest-Rite have a high capacity for binding harmful fungal and grass toxins . Once bound, the toxins cannot be absorbed and are passed out in the faeces. Digest-Rite is more than just a simple digestive additive – (like those containing live yeast cultures). Digest-Rite contains pre-biotics (mannan oligosaccharides), digestive enzymes (α amylase and β glucanase), rice bran and binding silicated oxides. It has a 4 way action: > Firstly by slowing the passage of food through the small intestine, allowing more time for the horse’s own digestive enzymes to work. > Secondly, by enhancing digestion through the inclusion of enzymes that break down sugar and starch. > The inclusion of the pre-biotics helps maintain a functional gut wall and ensures that nutrients are absorbed efficiently following digestion. > Finally the silicated oxides help prevent the absorption of potentially harmful toxins . Digest-Rite should be fed to sport and pleasure horses receiving a grass and grain diet or those grazing pastures where conditions are likely to cause nutritional problems such as over-excitability, muscle tye-up, laminitis or are grazing on fresh pasture or containing endophyte rye grass , paspalum or kikuyu. Digest-Rite contains no prohibited substances so can be safely fed before and during competition. Read about carbohydrate digestion and sugars in grasses View our 'Laminitis from Dietary Intake' article here
    20gm per Kg of hard feed (grains or pre-mixes) or 50gms per day for horses whose food intake is predominately forage (fibre) and pasture.
    Available in 2kg, 5kg and 20kg bags
    Equine x-Amyase : Richards,N:Choct,M;Hinch,GN;Rowe,JB Feeding Non Starch Polysacchrides Choct,M. Yeast Cell walls in animal nutrition; differentiation & specific properties of MOS &beta1, 6-glucans. Detlef Kampf, Marc Rovers, Felipe De Conti Horta Effects of dietary Short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides on the intestinal microflora of horses subjected to a sudden change in diet. F. Respondek, A.G. Goachet, V. Julliand Dietary fructans carbohydrate increases amine production in the equine large intestine : Implications for pasture-associated laminitis C. Crawford, M.F. Sepulveda, J. Elliott, P.A. Harris & S.R. Bailey. Dietary supplementation with short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides improves insulin sensitivity in obese horses. F.Respondek, K.Myers, T.L. Smith, A. Wagner & R.J. Geor Effects of feeding a blend of grains naturally contaminated with fusarium mycotoxins ….. the efficacy of a polymeric glucomannan mycotoxins absorbent. S.L. Raymond, T.K. Smith, & H.V. Swamy.
  • Vetpro Gut Biotic is the latest development from Veterinary Professional Services Ltd, this nutraceutical has been formulated using the latest science on the problems of obesity in horse plus provide gut support for all horses in stressful situations

    Is the latest development from Veterinary Professional Services Ltd, this nutraceutical has been formulated using the latest science on the problems of obesity in horse plus provide gut support for all horses in stressful situations. See below for more information.

     
  • AMINO ACID SUPPLEMENT - Unlock the Protein in the diet. Vetpro Lysine-T contains the essential amino acids Lysine and Threonine. Scientific research has shown that young horses show improved growth, and older horses can show improved muscle mass, plus horses in work (particularly low carbohydrate/high fat/low forage diets) benefit from Lysine and Threonine supplementation. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. The quality of protein is determined by its amino acid composition - it is the quality of the protein in the diet that regulates how well the horse grows and functions. Protein is in every cell in the body, muscles, tendons, organs, glands, hooves and hair. The amino acids that must be supplied in the horses’ diet everyday are called essential amino acids. Lysine is the first limiting amino acids and Threonine is the second. A limiting amino acid is one that if not present, will prevent protein from being made, even if other amino acids are present in adequate quantities. Therefore protein quality can be improved (released) by supplementing with these two limiting amino acids. Scientific studies on young horses have shown that supplementation with Lysine and Threonine optimized growth rates. Also fortification of the diet with Lysine and Threonine can allow the quantity of protein to be decreased while still promoting optimum growth. Horses in work that have a tendency to overheat , blow and sweat excessively, often caused by high protein levels in the diet, can benefit by reducing the protein percentage in the feed and supplementing with Vetpro Lysine –T. The current trend of feeding low carbohydrate diets, particularly when combined with controlled pasture access, may result in sub-optimal levels of Lysine and Threonine. This will mean that even if available protein is taken up, it will be limited in its ability to repair and rebuild cellular health. Aged horses have difficulty in retaining muscle mass due to a reduced ability to digest protein combined with a declined activity level. Research has shown that supplying limiting amino acids can improve the protein status of the geriatric horse. A combination of supplementation with Vetpro Muscle–Max and Vetpro Lysine-T will provide the optimum opportunity for the older horse to retain condition and structural health. Vetpro Lysine-T also contains a yeast culture and yeast extract to aid with palatability and digestibility. It also enhances the activity of fibre digesting bacteria which increases nutrient availability and absorption. In summary where to use Vetpro Lysine-T: In the young growing horse to maximise growth rates. In the active horse used for moderate to heavy work. In horses where the increase of protein may result in the horse blowing, overheating and producing high ammonia in the urine. In the older horse to maintain its muscle mass, where increasing protein in the diet is often not appropriate due to digestibility being difficult in the aged horse. To understand more about Lysine and Protein click here to read this vet article
    Every 50gm dose delivers: 20gm Lysine 15gms Threonine 15gms yeast extract/culture
    The daily dose rate is 25gm for foals and yearlings and 50gm for mature and older horses (500 kg LWT).
    1.5kg foil bags
    From www.jas.fass.org PM Graham, EA Ott, JH Brendemuhl and S H Tonbroeck - The effect of supplemental lysine and threonine on growth and development of yearlings W B Staniar, DS kronfeld, J A Wilson, L A Lawrence, W L Cooper, P A Harris - Growth of thoroughbreds fed a low protein supplement fortified with lysine and threonine P M Graham-Thiers & D S Kronfeld – Amino Acid supplementation improves muscle mass in aged and young horses.
  • Muscle Max is a feed supplement formulated to maximise the efficiency of muscle metabolism. It does this in two ways, by improving lean muscle mass and by reducing the effects of post exercise muscle fatigue. A large part of the daily energy requirement of the equine athlete is used by the skeletal muscles to power the contractions that give the horse its attributes of speed, endurance and strength. The energy from feed is stockpiled in the muscles in the form of glycogen. Through a chain of biochemical reactions within the muscle cells, the glycogen is oxidised to release Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) the chemical energy source used to power the muscle cells. The oxidation process requires large amounts of oxygen, hence the need for an efficient blood supply. The waste products from this energy burning process include water, carbon dioxide, ammonia, lactic acid and free radicals, all of which have the potential to reduce muscular efficiency. Free radicals can cause serious damage to the muscle cell membrane. It is these free radicals, in conjunction with the waste ammonia and lactic acid, that many equine sport scientists believe are responsible for muscle fatigue, post exercise muscle soreness and muscle tye-up. Antioxidants are substances that have the ability to inactivate the free radicals within the cell. There are many nutritional antioxidants, mostly found in plants. Muscle-Max is an antioxidant supplement that contains stabilised rice-bran. Rice bran is a rich source of glycerides, free fatty acids, phospholipids and glycolipids. Its principle antioxidants are the tocopherals, tocotrienols and gamma oryzanol, as well as inositol, phytic acid and choline. Vitamin E is one of the Tocopherols found in Muscle-Max, but it is the tocotrienols that are 50 times more potent than Vitamin E, that makes rice branl such a potent antioxidant formulation. Besides being an antioxidant, gamma oryzanol is a plant sterol, giving it anabolic properties. Studies in which gamma oryzanol supplements were included in diets of both human and equine athletes over a 6-8 week period resulted in improved muscle to fat ratios, along with improved appetite. Muscle-Max also contains chromium picolinate. Chromium is not an antioxidant, but it does play an important role in increasing muscle energy utilization, while at the same time lowering blood lactic acid levels during exercise. Recent research in the USA has shown that racehorses in full training supplemented daily with 5mgs of organic chromium had 13% lower blood lactate levels after intense exercise than the control horses used in the studies. Studies with human athletes have shown that daily supplementation with organic chromium increases muscle gain and reduces body fat more than physical exercise alone. In summary Muscle-Max combines the antioxidant and anabolic properties of stabilised rice bran and along with chromium picolinate helps to reduce muscle fatigue and post exercise muscle damage. It also creates muscle gain and a reduction in body fat. It is a 100% natural product that can be used right up to and during competition. It is formulated with an apple flavour that horses find palatable. Registered under the ACVM Act 1977 No. A9376 View our 'Energy- What, Where, How?' Article Here...
    2kg 5kg 20kg
    60gm (150mg/kg LWT) Ponies 80-100gm (160-200mg/kg LWT) Dressage, Show and Sport Horses, Yearling Prep 160gm (320mg/kg LWT) Racehorses, Eventers and Endurance horses in training, also horses in light condition Adjust the dose to suit the horse as his condition or work level changes.
  • This is a nutriceutical supplement for horses that are involved in strenuous fast work, such as racing, eventing, hunting and active fast training where the horse may be asked for high speed sustained over a distance. It is of particular assistance to horses who are in recovery from an airways virus and returning to training. It is important to note that one of the initiating factors of the problem - is the airway infection or virus that may not have been detected early enough and the horse may not have been given sufficient rest or support therapy doing this time. As a result the immune system is reduced in efficiency and the capillaries weakened. Ongoing correct management after such and episode is important, such as dampening all feeds and wash hay, reducing dust, especially in the barn cleaning and bed changing – remove the horse when this is occurring. One of the key ingredients is called Rutin, this is natural substance derived from some plants and yields quercetin and rutinose It is used in many countries in human therapeutics as a vasoprotectant, assisting the strengthening of small capillaries which have become fragile and broken down. Literally its the pressure of the strenuous exercise creating a high air demand through the lungs, that cause the capillaries to breakdown and leak.  Horses that are roarers, even surgically adjusted, have a greater pressure build up and are therefore prone to this problem. There is limited science in equine applications but strong anecdotal evidence is such that this ingredient, especially when enhanced with Vitamin C, can assist in the recovery of horses to full performance levels, but also as a preventative to reduce the negative effects of high speed or prolonged strenuous work. The pressure created in the lungs under stress, can cause the capillary walls to break down. To be most effective it needs to be fed over a sustained period , ie all the time the horse is in work, and in conjunction with a more carefully prepared work schedule and a stable management regime to reduce any negative influences on the airways. Nutritional supplementation should be started prior to the horse starting training, whether from a rest turn out, or illness. Another factor in capillary weakness is a lowered immune system, so full levels of Vitamins A, D and C have been included in the product to assist an improvement with this vital aspect. Vitamin A can be deficient in horses on restricted green pasture, but fed predominately grain and hay instead. This is often the case with racing horses. Vitamin D is readily available to grazing animals exposed to daily sunlight, but again horses kept stabled or night grazed may have sub optimal levels which is negative to performance and the integral health of the horse. Vitamin C is well known for its anti-oxidant properties, reducing the damaging free radicals developed in the transfer of cellular energy. However its inclusion in the formula is also to enhance the effects of Rutin and assist horses in recovery from stress and illness. The product Rutin is a bioflavanoid and does not contravene racing regulations, neither does the level of Vitamins.
    Active ingredients per kg:             Rutin Powder 20,000 mg Vitamin A 833,350 iu Vitamin C 16,667 mg Vitamin D3 50,000 iu Calcium 145 gm Magnesium 113 gm
    Racehorses, Eventers: 60 gm (30gm twice daily)
    Suggestions for Standardbred Horses : For a horse suspected of the problem a re-think of the training regime is also a part of the solution. It is important to have a warm up of 10 minutes before work and a warm down after, more so in a cold environment. Swimming can stress the airway system, only swim as interval training for short bursts at a time with the same period rest to reduce the pressure until deep breathing is lowered, before another swim. It is the deep breathing that is important to avoid. Limit to two bursts of swimming. It is thought that not only is the breakdown caused by the lung pressure but is amplified by the concussive effect from a hard track. So it is preferable to train using slow long distance work in the initial 6-8 weeks working towards fast work. Only use short hit out half pace 200 metres (furlong), using a softer surface if possible. Only start full hit outs sprints for 200 metres (furlong), after a good warm up, then allow recovery before repeating, then the warm down. Avoid all out sustained work, it is important to reduce the time that full blood pressure is being created in the lungs and blood vessels.  Studies have shown that as long as the early slow conditioning work is carried out to create musculoskeletal strength and fitness, then the use of short sprints with a recovery period between will have the horse in a better condition to race or perform. Save the full demand for that day and then allow recovery and go back to slow work immediately after.  Observe the breathing of the horse closely in all training and racing and reduce the demand if it becomes stressed and allow recovery. It is the slow work and the recovery times, reducing the high demand work and feeding a support supplement that can help keep the performance of the horse up to a maximum.  Suggestions for Thoroughbred Horses & Eventers : It is important to have a warm up of 10 minutes before work and a warm down after, more so in a cold environment. Swimming can stress the airway system, only swim for short (60 sec) at a time with the same 60 second rest to reduce the pressure for 30 second s or until deep breathing is lowered, before another swim. It is the deep breathing that is important to avoid. Limit to two burst of swimming. It is thought that not only is the breakdown caused by the lung pressure but is amplified by the concussive effect from a hard track. So it is preferable to train using slow long distance work in the initial 6-8 weeks working towards a fast canter, but not a gallop. Only use short hit out half pace 400-500 metres, using a softer surface if possible. Only start full hit outs sprints for 300-400 metres , after a good warm up, then allow recovery before repeating, then the warm down. Avoid all out sustained work , it is important to reduce the time that full blood pressure is being created in the lungs and blood vessels.  Studies have shown that as long as the early slow conditioning work is carried out to create musculoskeletal strength and fitness, then the use of short sprints with a recovery period between will have the horse in a better condition to race or perform. Save the full demand for that day and then allow recovery and go back to slow work immediately after.  Observe the breathing of the horse closely in all training and racing and reduce the demand if it becomes stressed and allow recovery. It is the slow work and the recovery times, reducing the high demand work and feeding a support supplement that can help keep the performance of the horse up to a maximum.
  • The intense muscular activity associated with training and competition, whether it is racing, eventing, show jumping endurance or dressage, results in an increase in body heat. The only way a horse can get rid of this heat is through sweat loss. Sweat also represents the main route of fluid and electrolyte loss, between 5 and 10 litres per hour can be lost during an event or race. Rapid replacement of the fluid and electrolytes is important for a quick recovery. Failure to adequately replace lost electrolytes will lead to dehydration. Saline drenching has always been the traditional method of ensuring rapid electrolyte replacement. Although effective, this method is often inconvenient and expensive as it usually requires the services of a veterinarian. Now there is an alternative to saline drenching. Quick-lyte paste is a combination of electrolytes and chelated minerals formulated in a single dose syringe. One 30ml dose syringe replaces the electrolytes lost in 2 litres of sweat. Because the electrolytes in Quick-lyte are present in a highly absorbable form, they are rapidly absorbed from the horse’s stomach. Quick-lyte uses a patented carrier that ensures the stability of the electrolytes and minerals during storage and also gives the product its free-flow properties that make it easy to use. After taking Quick-lyte, horses have a strong desire to drink so it is important that fresh drinking water is made available. This makes Quick-lyte ideal to use before and after long float trips. How often do you hear of horses who won’t drink when they travel away from home? Quicklyte will trigger a response to drink and often then to eat. Some indications for using Quick-lyte include:
    • 8 to 12 hours before intense exercise
    • 1 to 2 hours after intense exercise
    • Regularly during hot summer months
    • When horses won’t take electrolytes in their feed
    • Endurance Recovery Stops
    • After transportation
    Quick-lyte also contains Iron Gluconate as well as Zinc, Copper and Cobalt chelates, all essential minerals for red blood cell production. Chelated minerals are more easily absorbed than ordinary minerals as they do not compete with each other for absorption sites across the gut wall. In addition, chelated means the presence of iron in Quick-lyte has no effect on adsorption of the minerals.
    Per 30ml dose: Potassium 3776mg Sodium 2832mg Chloride 7791mg Calcium 250mg Magnesium 78mg Iron 17mg Zinc 3mg Copper 2.8mg Cobalt 0.42mg VitaminE 150iu
    Quick-lyte is available in single dose 30ml syringes.