• The muscular activity associated with training and competition results in a rapid increase in body temperature. The only way for horses to lose this excess body heat is via sweat production; in fact efficient muscle function is dependent on it. Sweat also represents the major route of fluid and electrolyte loss in horses, taking with it significant amounts of water and electrolytes from the body. Electrolyte composition of sweat Chloride - 7gms/litre Sodium - 4gms/litre Potassium - 1.3gms/litre Magnesium - .13gms/litre Calcium - .25gms/litre Phosphorus - .03gms/litre Obviously these electrolytes must be replaced as quickly and efficiently as possible, either in the diet or by oral administration. We talk about the Dietary Electrolyte Balance (DEB) as being the total amount of electrolytes but a standard type mixed diet is usually not enough to meet the required DEB. To demonstrate this point, consider a basic diet of 6kg Grass/Hay + 3kg Oats + 3kg Sweet feed with no added electrolyte supplement. If we analyse this diet it equates to: Actual       Requirement Crude Protein           1200gm      1300gm Digestible Energy    30mCals     30mCals Potassium                  145gms       55gms Sodium                       18gms         42gms Calcium                      60gms        47gms Magnesium               19gms          22gms Chloride                     46gms         80gms This diet has a low DEB with Chloride, Magnesium and Sodium levels being low. Potassium is rarely deficient in diets based on grass and hay. An increase in the work of a horse will create a requirement for an increase in electrolyte supplementation. Horses do not store sodium, potassium or chloride from one day to the next. Therefore electrolytes need to be adjusted according to the work level of the horse and the environmental conditions. Working in hot conditions will create a higher rate of sweat and therefore a need for greater replacement. When not in work the horse needs less, if over supplemented, it will increase water intake and urine loss. A correctly formulated Electrolyte supplement should contain Chloride and Sodium at a ratio of approximately 2:1 as well as Calcium and Magnesium at low levels. The equine kidney has developed to handle forage diets which are high in Potassium and low in Sodium. As long as the kidneys are functioning properly and the DEB is correct, they will regulate and maintain the body’s Electrolyte levels. The idea of acid and alkaline Electrolyte supplements is now regarded by equine physiologists as unnecessary. Horses can develop a mild metabolic acidosis after intense exercise and may develop a metabolic alkalosis in situations of heavy sweat loss. In both these cases so long as there is sufficient Chloride in the DEB then the horses kidneys will sort out its own acid/base balance. Vetpro Equine Electrolytes are a neutral PH composition. It is difficult to assess a horses Electrolyte status from a blood test, samples of blood and urine need to be taken at the same time. Consult your veterinarian for this. View our 'Electrolytes - Why, When, What, How' Article Here... View our 'Tye-Up' Article Here...
    Active ingredients per kg: Sodium 22.95% Potassium 17.6% Chloride 37.95% Carbonate 8.125% Calcium 4.375% Magnesium 2.5% Sulphate 3.5% Flavour 0.5%
    1kg 2kg 5kg 25kg.
    Daily dose rates: Racehorses 90g Eventers 90g Show/Dressage 60g Horses in light work 60g
  • Formulated to economically provide all the necessary minerals and trace elements needed by sport, leisure, spelling horses and dry broodmares. Even the best pasture cannot provide all the mineral requirements needed by these horses. Vitamins are not needed on a daily basis so why waste $$$ with combination supplements that may not provide the in- depth formulas, but just provide a lesser amount and a lot of unnecessary ingredients. It can be detrimental to the health of a horse to over-supplement certain vitamins. At times B vitamins are required - stress or high exertion can create a drop and then Vetpro Equine Athlete B Boost can be used for an instant replenishment.

    Feeding some premix feeds can provide some minerals and trace elements, however, when the label is actually read, it usually requires a horse to be fed a large amount of the feed to achieve an acceptable level of supplements - more than most sport and leisure horses are given.

    Everyday Minerals do not contain selenium as this element needs to be very closely monitored and low and high levels can have a very significant effect on the horse, with very high levels proving to be toxic. Selenium supplementation should be carried out when the levels in the horse have been assessed by a blood test. Vetpro Selenium K is a safe chelated supplement for correcting low levels in the horse.

    Everyday Minerals have a calcium phosphorus ratio of 2.5 : 1 and this is vital to maintain the imbalance in this ratio that can occur with low lucerne or high fat feeds. Although increasing lucerne levels may assist in improving the ratio, it will increase the protein percentage which can produce other problems for the horse. The answer is a correctly formulated mineral supplement – Vetpro Everyday Minerals will do just that.

    For horses in more work, such as racing, competition horses, lactating and late trimester brood mares, Vetpro High Performance Minerals should be given on a daily basis.

    Vetpro produces carefully formulated supplements for a purpose, allowing the owner to put together exactly their horses’ individual needs, therefore being both more effective and economic than the scattergun approach.

    Daily Dose Rate 1 level measure = 60 g 120g for horses 90g for yearlings 60g for weanlings
  • Cracked and brittle hooves are common amongst performance horses. Poor moisture retention combined with poor hoof growth are the cause of the problem. Horses end up having difficulty holding a shoe and are predisposed to quarter cracks, seedy toe and foot infections. Prevention starts with increasing moisture retention followed by promoting hoof growth. Nutrition affects hoof growth, hoof size is directly influenced by diet. Horses fed an optimum diet have an 80% increase in hoof-sole border size compared to those fed a limited diet. Research has shown that the minerals zinc, magnesium, calcium and sulphur, along with Vitamin A and Biotin are all necessary for the development of a normal hoof. Since horses are often not fed an optimum diet due to availability of good pasture and a correct balance of feed, it is necessary to feed a specifically formulated supplement which ensures that these vital ingredients are in the diet. Equine Four Feet contains zinc, sulphur, menthionine and biotin, all essential components of strong healthy hooves, in a gelatin and yeast base. Gelatin contains all essential amino acids except tryptophan. Although difficult to exactly quantify, some research has been able to suggest that for effective improvement of hoof quality an amount of 15 mg per day of Biotin needs to be fed, most grains are very low in Biotin with the exception of maize. The same dose size provides 9gms of methionine. Methionine is essential in producing cystine. This is present in Keratin which is the protein that the hoof wall is primarily made of. Hoof improvement is a long term process and supplementation needs to be continued for a minimum of three months on a daily basis. Hoof Oils cannot improve the structure or the development of the hoof, they merely help retain or seal in the moisture in the hoof, thus preventing some drying. View our '30 Facts about Horses Feet' Article Here...
    At the suggested dose rate of 30gms Equine Four Feet provides 15 mg of Biotin and 9gms of methionine, 150 mg Zinc and 900 mg sulphur.
    400gm 800gm
  • Vetpro has customized the range of Mineral Supplements to make minerals more user- specific. The under lying principle that we are basing this on is that all horses need mineral supplementation. They are essential for the growth and development of the musculo-skeletal system in young horses. Adult horses rely on minerals for the maintenance of that same system. There are no grazing situations in New Zealand that can provide the total mineral requirements of a horse on a daily basis. We can recognize 3 dietary situations where different mineral supplements are necessary. Which category does your horse fit? 1# Horses grazing at pasture and fed nothing else. e.g. spelling horses (maintenance) ponies and broodmares (non-pregnant). Then you will need Equine Speller Minerals (See Speller Minerals card). 2# Horses fed hard feed and hay with some access to pasture and being required to produce strenuous or demanding performance e.g. racehorses, eventers, dressage, endurance, show jumpers . 3# Pregnant or lactating broodmares. 2# and 3# will need Equine Performance Minerals Horses in full training on energy diets have an extra demand for minerals and trace elements. The same can be said for lactating broodmares and rapidly growing yearlings (pre sale preparation). If feeding prepared feeds with some minerals included – check the list of actual minerals and note that unless the horse is fed the stated quantity eg 5kgs per day of the feed, then the mineral content will be less thatnthe required daily amount. Vetpro Equine Performance Minerals contain calcium and phosphorus in approximately a 1:1 ratio, along with higher levels of all the essential trace minerals. Used at the recommended dose rates it provides the daily requirements of all important minerals and trace elements. All horses do not need vitamins and over supplementing some vitamins can be detrimental. Vetpro does not mix a general supplement as it would be uneconomic for the owner and horses need to be fed and supplemented specifically to their needs. View our 'Tye-Up' Article Here..
    Per Kg: Phosphorus 15.3% Calcium 19.55% Sulphur 3.0% Manganese 0.31% Copper 0.24% Iodine 0.0047% Zinc 0.4% Cobalt 0.0021% Magnesium 2.5% Selenium 0.0014% Cherry Flavour 0.48% Milk Powder 2.162%
    2kg 5kg 15kg 25kg
    120g for late pregnant and lactating broodmares 90g for horses in hard work (racing or eventing) 90g for yearlings 60g for sport horses and weanlings
  • Calming Formula for Horses Horses can become tense for many reasons, but when it stems from a shortfall in the levels of certain key nutritional ingredients, then Equine Relax can provide the answer to achieving a more sensible and attentive animal. Equine Relax contains the full range of actives that can be low in the horse’s diet. Firstly, it contains Vitamin B1 and Vitamin E, both these vitamins can help nervous horses to settle, as well as being advantageous for muscle problems. It also contains Magnesium, some horses may suffer from a lack of available magnesium in their diets and these horses become hypersensitive, even in their normal stable environment. It contains the amino acid L-Tryptophan which has a calming effect on horses. When fed in high doses Tryptophan is converted by the body to a natural sedative. In humans it has been used to treat insomnia. Equine Relax can be used right up to and during competition as it contains no prohibited substances. It does not reduce performance.
    Per Kg: Tryptophan 12.0% Magnesium 5.0% Vitamin E 2.0% Vitamin B1 0.3%
    Daily dose rate is 35g for ponies and 50g for horses. The time a horse may take to respond varies on the type of horse and its general level of reactions. For example, some reported responses have been 5-7 days, others up to 21 days. It can be used for a few days prior to a competition at twice the daily dose.
    500g 1kg 2kg 5kg
  • Cells need energy - energy to drive muscles, digest food, transmit nerve impulses. The byproducts of cellular energy production are waste products called peroxides. These are particularly important in the athletic horse, whose musculoskeletal system demands a huge amount of energy. Unless the peroxides are neutralised muscle damage will occur. Antioxidants work to neutralise these peroxides. One of the most important antioxidants in the body is the Selenium containing enzyme Glutathione Peroxidase. This makes Selenium an extremely important trace element. New Zealand soils are generally low in Selenium. In fact over 30% of farmland is deficient. Dietary supplementation is the only way to ensure adequate intakes. Selenium is usually given in general mixes as Sodium Selenite the inorganic form. This may be sufficient for the daily requirement in areas with good levels of selenium in the soil but problems can occur with poor absorption due to competition with other minerals. The liquid form of Selenium is potentially extremely toxic if too much is given, the dose rate is very small and therefore can be easily overdosed, or since it is often not a daily dose, it can also be forgotten. Chelation is a process by which a mineral is bound to an easily absorbed organic molecule, allowing much better absorption and utilisation of the mineral. Equine Selenium K contains Selenium EDTA, a new form of Chelated Selenium. It is well known that daily supplementation is the most efficient way to administer Selenium. One 15 gram dose of Selenium K provides 1.66mg of available Selenium, this being the optimal level for an adult horse. It is an easy efficient non toxic way of ensuring correct selenium levels. Broodmares should also receive Selenium K in the breeding season as it is known to help increase fertility. Equine Selenium K is in a Kelp base. Kelp meal is a natural feed supplement derived from a seaweed found only in the North Atlantic Ocean. Rich in micronutrients; it contains over 30 minerals including Boron, Molybdenum, Iodine, Sulphur and Iron, 12 Vitamins, 18 Amino Acids as well as high levels of Alginic Acid. View our 'Selenium Toxicity' Article Here... View our 'Tye-Up' Article Here...
    Selenium Chelate (EDTA) Also contains the following Amino Acids: Alanine, Arginine, Aspartic Acid, Glycine, Glutamic Acid, Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Phenylalinine, Proline, Serine, Threonine, Tryosine, Valine.
    30mg/Kg LWT Adult Horses : 15gms Ponies : 10gms Yearlings : 10gms Weanlings : 5gms
  • Equine Vitamin E is a cherry flavoured supplement in a wheatgerm base. Each 15 gram dose contains 1000iu of Vitamin E in the form of Tocopherol. Vitamin E is a powerful anti-oxidant. It protects muscle cells and blood vessels against the toxic waste products of cell metabolism know as free radicals. It also protects the red blood cells. It has been shown that Vitamin E supplementation can reduce nervousness in some horses. It is also indicated to aid horses that are prone to tying up, especially in conjunction with Equine Selenium K. Horses low in good pasture or green feed intake are in need of Vitamin E supplementation. Vitamin E is also necessary in the diet of breeding stallions and mares to maintain fertility. Do not add to the same feed as an iron supplement as the vitamin may be damaged and therefore made ineffective. View our 'Tye-Up' Article Here... View our 'Vitamin E' Article Here...
    Vitamin E 67000 IU/Kg Each 15g dose contains 1000mg of Vitamin E
    500gm 1kg 2kg 5kg 10kg
    Average horse 16.0hh or horses in light work - 15g Larger horse or horses in full work or lactating mares or serving stallions - 30g Average Pony 13.2-14.0hh - 8g Large Pony 14.2hh - 12g Nervous Horses - 30g Horses on very poor pasture - 30g